The new Education Policy-2020 in India has got the approval of the Modi Cabinet. India's Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank and Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar gave information about this in a press conference on Wednesday.
Earlier in 1986, the new education policy was implemented. In 1992, some amendments were made to this policy. That is, after 34 years, a new education policy is being implemented once again in India.
The draft was prepared by a committee of experts headed by former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan, which was approved by the cabinet headed by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on Wednesday.
Many major changes have been made in the new education policy, from school education to higher education.
Highlights of New Education Policy-2020:
In the new education policy, it has been said to keep the medium of instruction in the mother tongue, local or regional language up to the fifth class. It can be extended to class eight or even further. Foreign languages will be studied at secondary level. However, the new education policy also states that no language will be imposed.
100% GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) in school education is targeted for education up to the secondary level by the year 2030.
- Two crore children currently staying away from school will be brought back into the mainstream. For this, development of school infrastructure and new education centers will be established.
- In place of the 10 + 2 structure of the school curriculum, a new curriculum structure of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 will be implemented for children aged 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 respectively. It has a provision to bring the 3-6-year-old children who have been kept far away under the school curriculum, which has been globally recognized as an important stage for the child's mental development.
- The new system will have 12 years of schooling and three years of Anganwadi with pre-schooling. Under this, three years of pre-primary and first and second classes have been kept for the initial stage studies of the students. The third, fourth and fifth classes are placed in the next stage. After this, the introduction of the subject will be done in middle school ie 6-8 class. All the students will take exams in class III, V and VIII only. The 10th and 12th board exams will continue as before. But keeping in mind the goal of overall development of children, these will be redesigned. A new National Assessment Center 'Parakh' (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for overall development) will be established as a standards-defining body.
- Emphasis will be laid on the basic competency of reading and writing and addition and subtraction (numerical knowledge). Considering the need of basic literacy and numeracy knowledge as the most important and first requirement for learning correctly, 'NEP 2020' laid special emphasis on the establishment of 'A National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numerical Knowledge' by the Ministry of Human Resource Development has gone.
- NCERT will develop a National Curriculum and Educational Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCEFECCE) for children up to the age of 8 years.
- There will be no special distinction between educational streams, extra-curricular activities and vocational education in schools.
- Special emphasis will be given to the education of disadvantaged groups (SEDG) from social and economic perspectives.
- The National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be developed by the National Council for Teacher Education by the year 2022, for which consultation will be held with NCERT, SCERT, teachers and specialist organizations of all levels and fields.
- Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed as Ministry of Education. This means that Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank will now be called the education minister of the country.
- A target has been set to invest six percent of GDP in education, which is currently 4.43 percent.
- The goal of new education is to provide quality education to every child aged 3-18 by 2030.
- Vocational courses will be started from class VI. Students desirous for this will be given internship from class VI onwards. In addition, music and arts will be promoted. These will be implemented in the course.
- There will be a single regulator for higher education. The Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a single most important comprehensive body for all higher education except law and medical education.
- HECI will have four independent verticals - National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC) for standard determination, Higher Education Grant Council (HEGC) for funding and National Accreditation Council for Accreditation ( NAC).
- There is a target of delivering 50 percent GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) by 2035 in higher education. Currently GER is 26.3 percent as per 2018 statistics. 3.5 crore new seats will be added in higher education.
- For the first time multiple entry and exit systems have been implemented. You can understand it like this. In today's system, if after four years of engineering or six semesters, you are unable to study for any reason, then you have no solution, but in the multiple entry and exit system, one year certificate, two years diploma and three Degree will be obtained after four years. This will be of great benefit to those students whose studies are missed for some reason.
In the new education policy, students will also have the freedom that if they want to skip a course and join the other course, then they can take a break from the first course for a specific time and join the second course.
- Many changes have been made in higher education. There will be a four-year degree program for students who want to do research. Those who want to get into jobs will do a three-year degree program. But those who want to go into research can do PhD directly after a four-year degree program with a one-year MA. They will not need M.Phil.
- The National Research Foundation (NRAF) will be set up as an apex body to conduct research and to promote a strong research culture and research capacity throughout higher education. The main objective of the NRAF will be to enable a culture of research through universities. The NRAF will be governed independently by the government, a board of governors.
- Higher education institutions have to bring more transparency in terms of charging fees.
- Efforts will be made to encourage the qualification of students belonging to SC, ST, OBC and other specific categories. The National Scholarship Portal will be expanded to support, promote and track the progress of students receiving scholarships. Private higher education institutions will be encouraged to offer a large number of free education and scholarships to students here.
- E-courses will be developed in regional languages. A virtual lab is being developed and a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) is being created.
- As a result of the recent rise in the Corona epidemic and the global Corona epidemic, a broad set of recommendations have been covered to promote online education, making it possible to have the means to obtain traditional and personalized education whenever and wherever possible. In order to ensure the preparation of alternative means of quality education, both the school and higher education will have a dedicated unit aimed at digital infrastructure, digital content and capacity building at MHRD to cater to the needs of e-education. .
- To set up an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI), National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit languages, Sanskrit in Higher Educational Institutions for Pali, Persian and Prakrit languages in the new education policy to protect, develop and make them more vibrant for all Indian languages. And it has been recommended to strengthen all the language departments and use mother tongue / vernacular as a medium of instruction in programs of maximum educational institutions.
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